Categoria: Investigação

Autores: Duarte F., Silva JN., Ramos C. and Hopper C.

Referência: Bio-Modelling Reconstruction Based on MRI Image Acquisition and there Application in Orthognathic Surgery
Journal of Clinical and Medical Images | 2023; V7(10): 1-6    
ISSN:2640-9615 Volume 7

Orthodontic and surgical technical advances in recent years have resulted in treatment opportunities for a whole range of craniofacial skeletal disorders either in the adolescent or adult patient.
In the growing child these can include myofunctional orthodontic appliance therapy or distraction osteogenesis procedures, whilst
in the adult the mainstay approach revolves around orthognathic surgery.

The literature agrees that for a change in craniofacial morphology to remain stable, the muscles acting upon the facial skeleton
must be capable of adaptation in their structure and, therefore, their function. Failure of the muscles to adapt to the change in
their length or orientation will place undesirable forces on the muscle attachments leading to potential instability of the skeleton.
Adaptation can occur through various processes including those within the neuromuscular feedback mechanism, through changes
within muscle structure or through altered muscle physiology, and through changes at the muscle/bone interface.

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